What is Arthritis? Its Symptoms, Causes, Types, and Treatment
November 21, 2022
Arthritis is the tenderness and swelling of one or more joints. The primary symptoms of the disease are joint stiffness and joint pain that generally worsens with age.
Symptoms of Arthritis
The most common symptoms associated with the disease include:
- Decreased motion range
Causes of Arthritis
The two primary types of arthritis include:
- Rheumatoid arthritis
That damages the person’s joints in various ways.
1. Rheumatoid Arthritis
During Rheumatoid Arthritis, the person’s immune system attacks the joint capsule’s linings, a tough membrane enclosing all the joint parts. This lining usually becomes swollen and inflamed, and later the disease progression eventually destroys the bone and cartilage within the joint.
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis involving wear and tear damage to the joint’s cartilage.
The cartilage cushions the bone ends and enables nearly frictionless joint motion. But it can damage it enough resulting in grinding directly on the bone leading to pains and limited movement.
This type also leads to bone modifications and connective tissue deterioration, which attaches the muscles to the bones.
Risk factors involved!
The risk factors leading to the disease include:
- Family history
- Previous joint injury
Severe arthritis affects the arms and hands, making it complicated for the person even to perform the daily tasks. The disease of weight-bearing joints can also keep the person from sitting up straight and walking comfortably.
Diagnosis of Arthritis
During the physical examination of the affected person, the medical doctors may check the joints for redness, swelling, and warmth.
However, the diagnosis may also include the following:
- Laboratory tests
- Imaging tests like CT scans, X-rays, MRI, and ultrasound
Treatment of Arthritis
The treatment of arthritis is primarily focused on relieving symptoms and enhancing joint functioning.
However, the treatment may involve combinational therapies to determine what works best for a specific patient.
Medications for Arthritis
The medications suggested for the treatment of arthritis depend upon the type of arthritis a patient is suffering from. The common types of medicines involved in the patient’s treatment include:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- Counter irritants
- Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs
Therapy for Arthritis
Several physical therapies help treat several types of arthritis. However, the exercises can enhance the motion range while strengthening the joints’ muscles. The doctor may suggest physical therapies to treat a person with arthritis.
Surgery for Arthritis
If the traditional treatment measures do not help, the doctors may also suggest some surgeries like
- Joint repairing
- Joint replacement
- Joint fusion
Lifestyle changes and home remedies
Several lifestyle changes and home remedies may also help deal with the health condition. This may include:
- Weight loss
- Heat and cold packs
- Exercising regularly
The treatment of arthritis entirely focuses on the relief of the symptoms, and based on the symptoms or type of arthritis; the doctors suggest various treatments or medications.
Make sure to follow it all to get complete relief from the disease.
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